O treinamento resistido promove modulações gênica e proteica de sinalizadores do metabilismo glicolítico no fígado de ratas ovariectomizadas
Tomaz, Luciane Magri
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Menopause is associated with higher risks of metabolic changes that may compromise women s life quality. Glicemia is regulated by the liver which is responsible for glucose storage at postprandial and for glucose efflux in a fastened state. The absence or the reduction of stradiol levels cause glucose intolerance and deregulated insulin output in bloodstream, setting of the insulin resistance process (RI). Hepatic glucose regulation is directly related to the accurate control of gene expression which encodes different isoforms of oxidation proteins and glucose input proteins. Studies suggest that Resistance Training (TR) prevents RI on ovariectomized (Ovx) rats liver. However there are few molecular events that support TR. Objective: To investigate the Ovx and TR effects over protein and gene expression of biomarkers associated with insulin signalization and glucose oxidation in rats liver. Methods: Adults Sprague-Dawley were divided into 4 groups (n=6 each group): Sedentary Sham-surgical (Sham-Sed); Sedentary-Ovx (Ovx-Sed); (Sham-Tr) and (Ovx-Tr). Tr protocol included 1.1 m vertical climbing with tied weight to the rats tail. Each session consisted of 4 to 9 climbing and 2 minutes of resting between the exercises. Training was performed 3 times a week during 10 weeks. Gene expression was analysed using real time quantitative PCR and protein assays by Western Blotting technic. Results: GLUT2 gene and protein expression and PGC-1α gene expression increased significantly; and p-Akt Ser473 protein expression decreased in Ovx group. TR promoted a greater increase of PGC-1α gene expression and further repair of GLUT2 gene and protein expression and p-Akt Ser473 protein expression. Conclusions: The results show the ovariectomy promotes overexpression of molecular markers that induced RI. These findings suggest that TR may play an important role on the RI prevention in Ovx animals through gene and protein expression repairment of the glycolytic metabolism signalling molecules.