Logística Reversa de materiais pós-consumo em indústrias do setor alimentício sob a perspectiva da mudança climática
Albuquerque, Bianca Almeida de
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The advancement of technology and the beginning of food processing and storage, besides to providing numerous benefits, has created the challenge of managing the generation of waste. As a mechanism that reduces pressure on landfills and seeks to use materials, Reverse Logistics is treated as a waste management tool for industries seeking to comply with the National Solid Waste Policy. This study sought to carry out an exploratory bibliographic research analyzing Reverse Logistics programs for post- consumer materials in the food industry sector from the perspective of climate change. Sought to investigate large companies in the sector, in addition to evaluating current legislation and bibliography for the delimitation of the study. In the food industry, large corporations adopt programs and practices to enable the return of post-consumer waste to a reuse and recycling chain, focusing on the product of origin or on programs that cover different types of materials. From the perspective of climate change, recycling and recovery of waste are linked to the reduction of GHG emissions into the atmosphere, a topic that is increasingly discussed today. Faced with global pressures, industries have been adopting commitments to reduce emissions linked to the use and disposal of packaging, evaluating the type of material inserted in the market. Even with programs on this topic, the challenges are associated with increasingly directed actions to connect the links in the reverse cycle chain, promoting structure and training of cooperatives, incorporation of recycled material in the production cycle, in addition to raising awareness of the population through programs of environmental education.
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