Sustentabilidade ecológica de empreendimentos urbanísticos : estudo de caso na cidade de São Carlos/SP
Foschini, Regina Célia
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The action of the Human Being about the environment has promoted alterations in the natural characteristics which resulted in the resources degradation and a problem related to the quality of the present and future life in the city. The pressure of the growth of urban population and the difficulty of the city to supply, in the same velocity, the substructure demand, have created a disqualification of some urban spaces, and even an implication to the natural environment. On the other hand, in the last decades has appeared the sustentability concept that brings a perspective of a human action more responsible, concerning to the natural environment and to the future generations. Under these points, the propose is to analyse the tendency of the ecological sustentability in urbanistic undertakings projects of São Carlos City / SP, with the objective in helping with the definition and the development of Public Municipal Politics, mainly in small and medium ones. The analysis has been done since the collected data in iconographic material like maps and photos, visits in loco and investigation in some Public Organizations Processes. Besides, historical, cultural and spatial approaches have been done. In order to analyze the sustentability of the select undertakings, specific variables related to environmental aspects were adopted. In this way, a lot of causes of disadvantageous tendencies were detected and it results from the lack or inappropriation of the projects of different parts of the undertakings, and even more, the incorrect use of them, and besides that, because of the necessity of incorporation of sustentability principles in the society action. In this investigation were possible to compare the undertakings, to evaluate the grade and difficulty of use, the behaviour of the used subcomponents, and do some suggestions.