Reações de transferência de elétrons fotoinduzidas em complexos binucleares : em direção a fotossíntese artificial
In order to simulate the photoinduced electron-transfer steps in the photosystem II (PSII), the mononuclear complexes fac-[Mn(CO)3(phen)(L)]+, L= imidazole and substituted imidazoles were synthesized to mimic the photochemical step of the natural photosynthesis (manganese cluster). Also the binuclear complexes [Ru(BL2)2Mn(CO)3(phen)]3+, BL2 = bridge ligand (4'-(4- pyridyl)-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine e 4'-(4-pyridyl)-2,6-di(2-pirazynil)pyridine) and polynuclear complexes cis,fac-[(phen)2Ru(BL)2Mn(CO)3(L)]2 6+, BL = bridge ligand (4,4'-bipyridine e pyrazine) were synthesized to mimic the donor step (Chlorophylla P680 - manganese cluster) in natural photosynthesis. The new complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic (EPR, UVvis, FTIR, NMR) and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry and spectroelectrochemistry) techniques. The complex fac- [Mn(CO)3(phen)(4meim)]+ (fac-4meim) in aqueous solution and in the absence of oxidizing agents is able to split water molecules producing molecular oxygen. The photo-redox process involves 4-electron/4H+ mechanism in a similar way of the Mn cluster in the PSII. The photoinduced electron donor properties of fac- 4meim were evaluated using methylviologen (MV2+) as an electron acceptor molecule and through the experiments using oxygen evolution sensor, Clarktype microelectrodes. The absorption spectra of the tetranuclear complexes exhibit intense absorptions in the visible region and a broad emission at 590 nm, showing a biexponential luminescent decay kinectic in according to the population of the excited emissive state ILCT and MLCT. The luminescent properties of the Ru(II) mononuclear complex were intensified in the bi- and tetranuclear complexes, probably due to a high symmetry and rigidity of the system, the complex using pirazine ligand showed different behavior. The photoinduced electron transfer reactions (ET) in the bi- and polinuclear complexes in presence of the acceptor MV2+ were possible only using TEOA as electron donor. Another problem found to the bi- and polinuclear complexes was the photodissociation and solvent interaction during photolysis. The molecular oxygen production of the complexes Ru-4,4'bpy-Mn e Ru-pyterpy-Mn, in aqueous solution during photolysis was certified. The photocatalytic properties of the complexes are interesting to the search of new compounds to be used in the artificial photosynthesis.