Estimação do preço implícito de amenidades urbanas no município de Sorocaba
Reis, Raphael Roberto de Goes
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In recent years, the Brazilian real estate market has faced structural changes, which has impacted the price of residences. As observed for the country, the city of Sorocaba also went through a real estate valuation process, which impacted in many ways different locations in the city. The formation of the price of residences, function of the cost of construction, also depends on external variables, commonly called urban amenities. Urban menities, even though they are part of the real price of residences, are not easily identified or valued by economic agents but are important, mainly for potential consumers of services since they have different perceptions of urban features that are priority. In this context, the objective of the study is to identify and quantify the impact of structural features and urban attributes in property prices in the city of Sorocaba, identifying if there is a regional distribution pattern of properties more and less valued as a result of these attributes. Additionally, this study spatializes the results by districts. The methodology used is the estimation of the values of the amenities is the hedonic pricing model. This methodology proposed by Rosen (1974), implies in practice, in the estimation of a "cost function", with property prices is the dependent variable and the amenities associated with it are independent variables. The data used were the property sales prices and structural characteristics of each property, accessibility variables (schools, hospitals, etc.) and neighborhood structure (population, income and crime). The results suggest that there are urban amenities that are considered by consumers in the formation of properties prices and that there is spatial dependence between the average real estate values in every area of influence of neighborhoods considered in the study.