A interdisciplinaridade na ótica de graduandos da saúde
Ramalho, Maria Tereza
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The interdisciplinarity in health care implies the articulation between different areas of knowledge around a common health care project, which has been pointed as an alternative to the mismatch between the training of new professionals and the needs of health users. One of the main components of professional training in health is the curricular stages provided in the pedagogical projects of undergraduate courses. The Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) has the Health School Unit (USE), a center for training and production of health knowledge in which teaching, research and extension activities are carried out, including undergraduate curricular internships. With the objective of investigating the interdisciplinarity under the eyes of undergraduate students of the courses of Physical Therapy, Gerontology, Medicine, Psychology and Occupational Therapy in curricular stages in USE, a qualitative approach was carried out. The participants were fifteen students, of the last year of the graduation, of both sexes, in the age group between twenty and twenty-six years. As a data collection technique, the semi-structured interview was used from a script with six guiding questions, which were audio-recorded, transcribed and analyzed. The results showed that undergraduates consider the interdisciplinary practice in health care as important and their contribution to the acquisition of new knowledge and knowledge, which can generate benefits for the users. They also revealed that, although interdisciplinarity is considered fundamental, its application in the daily practice of internships is far from what is considered ideal, recognizing that it demands time, interest, dedication, negotiation and dialogue among professionals with diverse academic backgrounds, as well as interaction relations between different areas of knowledge in order to qualify the health care offered. These results suggest the need for joint management and planning, based on the articulation of undergraduate courses – in order to achieve the interdisciplinary objectives contained in the Pedagogical Political Plans – and the professional learning field, the UFSCar Health School Unit, for promote and favor interdisciplinary practice in the process of training in Health.