Crescimento pró-pobre: uma análise dos gastos com transferências de renda e educação na redução da pobreza no Brasil durante o período de 2004 a 2014
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The relationships between economic growth, public spending and poverty are the targets of several studies, and their results highlight that GDP improvement is seen as the best way to reduce poverty. Based on this principle, this study aims to analyze whether there was pro-poor growth in the Brazilian states and the impact of public expenditures on income transfers and education on poverty reduction during the period from 2004 to 2014. Focus of the policies of income transfer and economic growth in the country. Considering the need to reach the proposed objective, a study of the subject was carried out to measure the relationship between economic growth and public spending with the reduction of poverty. In order to estimate the relationships between variables, the growth-poverty, poverty-inequality, and poverty-related elasticities of poverty in Brazil as a whole and in their states were calculated using a dynamic model by panel data. In view of the results obtained, it can be seen that in the country there is great divergence in the variation of poverty among the states. In addition, it is noted that the impact of spending on income transfers and education positively reflects the fall in poverty.