Avaliação do papel dos receptores 5-HT3 da substância cinzenta periaquedutal de camundongos submetidos ao labirinto em cruz elevado
Silva, Luana Tenório da
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The exposure of animals to aversive situations, such as elevated plus-maze (EPM), activates serotonergic pathways with projections into structures involved in the defense system, such as the amygdala, septum, hypothalamus, hippocampus and periaqueductal grey matter (PAG), producing behavioral changes that can be characterized as anxiety. However the serotonin (5-HT) presents a dual role in this modulation. Thus, while the stimulation of the receptor subtype 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 prosencephalic in structures such as amygdala and hippocampus result in potentiation of responses of anxiety in rodents, the activation of these receptors in the PAG, often tends to reduce behaviors related to anxiety . This study focused the role of 5-HT3 receptors in the PAG in the anxiety in the mice EPM test. In experiments 1 and 2, mice received infusions intra-PAG of ondansetron (0, 0.3, 1.0, 3.0 nmol/0.1 μL) and mCPBG (0, 40, 80 and 160 nmol/0.1 μL), 5-HT3 receptors antagonist and agonist, respectively. As the mCPBG not changed any of the conventional indices (% open-arm entries and % open-arm time) and risk assessment, we investigated in experiment 3 the possibility of interaction between 5-HT3 and 5-HT2 receptors. For this, we perform combined microinfusions of intra-PAG ondansetron and mCPP, an agonist of 5-HT2B/2C receptors, on behavior of maze-naïve mice. The results showed that intra-PAG infusions of ondansetron (3.0 nmol) increased the behavioral indices of anxiety. None of the doses of intra-PAG infusions of mCPBG modified the conventional and ethological indices of anxiety. The anxiolytic-like effect produced by intra-PAG infusions of mCPP (0.03 nmol) was blocked by infusions of ondansetron (1.0 nmol) in the same mesencephalic structure. All effects were observed in the absence of significant changes in locomotor activity (closed-arm entries). Our results indicate that there is a possible interaction between 5-HT3 and 5-HT2B/2C receptors modulation into the PAG of anxiety in mice.