Lugar de envelhecer: moradia adequada propiciando a participação social
Oliveira, Vanderson Campos de
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Introduction: According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), it is estimated that in Brazil, in 2060, the elderly population aged 65 years and over will account for 25.5% (58.2 million elderly people), in relative to world population. Thus, as a consequence of population aging, the number of elderly people in urban areas has increased. The diversity of each area is due to the difference in territorial, social, economic and cultural extension. Thus, the increase in population longevity, despite representing a major milestone in society, is accompanied by great questions, as it portrays an audience with unique needs, changes in physical and cognitive abilities, changes in family arrangements and changes regarding social support. It is natural that issues related to this age group arise, such as: social issues, housing and specific needs that this profile demands. Therefore, the question is raised about what is available in the academic literature to date on these three aspects: housing, elderly and participation. Objective: To carry out a narrative review of the literature related to the theme adequate housing and social participation of the elderly. Methodology: This is a narrative review of literature, narrative and qualitative review articles. Data collection took place in the year 2021, between the months of November and December. The literature found is in the following electronic databases: International Literature on Health Sciences (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO). The following descriptors were used: housing; old man; participation. Result: Of the 40 references found, initially, only two studies were able to meet the adopted criteria. Conclusion: We observed the lack of theoretical material on the three factors together, even though each factor is inseparable. Therefore, there is a very large impact of the three factors together: ambience, housing and age group.
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