Programa TEC NEP: avaliação de uma proposta de educação profissional inclusiva
Anjos, Isa Regina Santos dos
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The professional education for people with special educational needs intends to promote the development of the potentialities of these individuals, with the objective of supporting the complete exercise of the citizenship. It s necessary that the responsible institutions for the preparation for the work accept people with special educational needs. This opening can provide the implantation of real steps that minimize the social exclusion and facilitate the access for people with special educational needs to the work world. In a country with so many social inequalities, the inclusion of people with special educational needs in education programs for the work presume the enlargement of the presence spaces of these people in high and professionalizing schools, also in Technological Education Federal Institutions. In this sense, the study takes place in the setting of the special education public politics into the field of the professional education for people with special educational needs, with the focus in the Program TEC NEP (Education, Technology and Professionalization for People with Special Educational Needs) as a proposal of expansion of education and professionalization in the federal net institutions settings. The TEC NEP Program is a proposal for professional education implemented by the Special Education Secretary connected with the High and Technological Education Secretary intending to expand the offer of professional education, access and permanence in the work for people (young and adults) with special educational needs. The aim of this study was estimating how the guidelines proposed in the TEC NEP Program are being implemented in the federal net schools, through the perception of the nuclei coordinators. Twenty nine nuclei coordinators took part of this study. The data were obtained through the questionnaires sent by internet to the 32 schools which had, until 2005, instituted formal nuclei of the program. 29 coordinators nuclei filled and gave back the questionnaires. The data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and synthesized to offer information about characteristics of the informers and institutions, description of the implementation of the TEC NEP Program in the federal net schools, selective process characteristics, registrations number of students with special educational needs, partnership support, strategies to aid the school inclusion for students with special needs, insertion in the work market, program financing, difficulties in implementing and managing, program impacts and suggestions and considerations brought by the informers. The results obtained after six years of implantation of the program show that its reach is still restrict, considering that in 20 of the 29 schools, the nuclei were implanted only within the two last years and only about fifth of the schools (32 amongst 144) had nuclei of the program. In 19 amongst 29 investigated schools, the nuclei coordinators reported that their schools had already former report of registration of students with special educational needs even before the implantation of the nuclei. The number of investigated schools with registration of students with deficiency raised for 21 in 2005. In the 29 schools investigated were notified 379 registrations of students with special educational needs. However, it s useful to stand out that 244 students with deficiencies (65%) were in courses of initial and continued formation which didn t demand scholastic level. Moreover, only 4 amongst 29 schools concentrated about 71% of the 379 registrations of students with deficiencies, showing the small reach of the program. 8 Therefore, it s observed that the number of registrations of students with special educational needs in the federal net schools is still little significant, what can be connected with the difficulties for the access and permanence conditions of this population in these institutions, since they only can entry through selective examination. The considerations of the coordinators appoint the necessity of taking measures to modify the structures of the schools, implant support services, review curriculum questions, re-define the evaluation process, provide teaching staff formation; it s necessary the involvement of the whole school community in the pedagogical project of the school. Through the reports of each institution, it s still perceived the priority necessity of eliminating prejudiced attitudes, adjust programs, offer pedagogic support, elaborate budgets for the nuclei and qualify continuously all the professionals that work in it. It was verified that the quantitative of students with deficiencies in these schools, even not so significant, is due to partnerships with ONG s (Not Governmental Organizations), what means the transfer of the government responsibility. Concerning to the leading to the work market, it s verified that some few institutions did the control of this datum and the lack of this information hinders a proper evaluation about the effectiveness of the program. It follows that the adoption of isolated measures for the creation of opportunities for access in the federal institutions will make not sense if it s not connected with the taking of steps in the Reabilitation, Education, Health and Transport areas, in order to allow the access and the permanence of these people to these institutions. Thus, it seems necessary a larger planning, accompaniment and evaluation about the measures proposed by the Program for the responsible organizations.