Análise de sistemas mistos de concreto armado e alvenaria
Moraes, Rafael Santos de
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This study has the aim to analyze, from numerical analysis in finite elements, the behavior of masonry walls of bricks and closing blocks together with structural elements of reinforced concrete, in situations in which masonry and concrete collaborate in the support of the building. The analysis were made based on the diagram of tensions, where it was possible to observe the places with concentration of tensions and their form of distribution, and the parameters with influence on the behavior of the structure. On this analysis, several parameters involved in the composite systems of reinforced concrete and masonry were studied: the modulus of longitudinal deformation of the masonry; the presence and dimension of cracks, lintels and sills, beams and pillars; and models with ideal ties and where the walls join. Besides this, preliminary design of the concrete structure and masonry was carried out. The results of the analysis indicated that the presence of concrete elements together with the masonry results in a more uniform distribution of the tensions, besides having been observed a reduction of 50% in the compression tensions at the bottom of the wall for the model with concrete pillars. It was also verified that in the complete model, with pillars and beams, the beam presents a different behavior from a reticulated structure, indicating that the wall ends up serving it as a distributed support. In the preliminary design, it was noted that, without pillars and beam, the required resistance of the prism is compatible only for structural components. But in the case of beam, besides observing the difference among the models of calculation used and the real behavior of the structure, this element may not present the resistance and/or necessary security for the hypothesis of simply supported beam for the conditions that were admitted here. Regarding this study, it is important to emphasize that there is no intention of defending this type of structure, but rather analyse how it behaves before the actions.