Estudos de propriedades de muitos corpos em sistemas confinados : simulacões via Monte Carlo Quântico
Moreira, Nilton Luis
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The Quantum Monte Carlo Method has been constituted in a powerful ab-initio tool which can afford accurate estimates of the ground-state properties of quantum many-body systems. With this subject in mind, we first present a review of the method in the well-known variations: the Variational Monte Carlo and Diffusion Monte Carlo. We have applied both methods to quantum dots containing up to 10 electrons confined to a hard wall spherical model. After the general ground-state analysis we present the Time Correlation Quantum Monte Carlo for excited states and apply to quantum dot molecules. Finally, as a first application we compare our results to models found in the literature, in order to calibrate our code.