Ruídos e processos quânticos fundamentais em íons aprisionados e ondas propagantes
Serra, Roberto Menezes
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In this work we present a proposal protocol for engineering arbitrary motional states of trapped ions.Our scheme is based on both techniques of quantum state sculpture and projection synthesis. Next, we investigate the decoherence process in ion traps due to the polarization of the residual background gas. Our results are compared with experimental data round in the literature. We also introduce a scheme for probing the tunneling mechanism os a single ion trapped in a double-well electromagnetic potential. The tunneling process is characterized through the probability for a fluorescence measurement of electronic ground state of trapped ion. Finally in the running wave domain, we present a protocol for the teleportation of an entangled of zero- and one- photon states of the running wave field. We consider the process of photoabsorption in the linear and nonlinear optical elements required to achieve 100% of probability of sucess in the ideal case.