Comparação da qualidade de vida de mulheres pós-menopausa acometidas ou não por osteoporose e fratura de quadril.
Navega, Marcelo Tavella
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The aim this study was to investigate the quality of life among postmenopausal women with and without osteoporosis, sudden or not hip fracture, contribute to better understand about influence of the osteoporosis, hip fracture and institutionalization of the quality of life of the women with osteoporosis. Two studies were carried. The first, to investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the post-menopausal women with or without osteoporosis through of the SF-36 and OPAQ questionnaire. Two groups were formed, with 21 volunteers each: Group 1 with women without osteoporosis (64,38 ± 4,24 years); and Group 2 with osteoporotic women (67,81 ± 4,19 years). The components Role Physical and General Health showed significant difference (p <0,05) between the groups, with better score to women without osteoporosis. No other differences were found in the SF-36 questionnaire. In the others 6 components, the values showed by two groups do not were significant difference. This form to conclude that post-menopausal women with osteoporosis and physical active can have a quality of life similar to the postmenopausal women without osteoporosis. In the second study, To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the post-menopausal women with osteoporosis, with or without hip fracture, were formed four groups: Group 1: 16 women without hip fracture and sedentary (67,80 ± 3,93 years); Group 2: 20 women without hip fracture and physical active (67,75 ± 4,29 years); Group 3: 20 women with hip fracture and non-institutionalized (70,65 ± 4,53 years); Group 4: 20 women with hip fracture and institutionalized (77,55 ± 6,8 years). The Results showed that the HRQoL of the post-menopausal women with hip fracture and institutionalized is, in general form, worst than non-institutionalized women with osteoporosis physical active, suggest hip fracture in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis to challenge a deteribration in the health-related quality of life, and the institutionalized of the sudden attack to able to contribute for greater decadence of the quality of life. The results of the ours study showed is possible have a good health-related quality of life after osteoporosis diagnostic, principal don t have hip fractures