Materiais híbridos obtidos pela adsorção de nanopartículas metálicas sobre fungos micelares pelo efeito biotemplate
Gorup, Luiz Fernando
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The use of bio-design concepts is a promising strategy for obtaining materials with properties of great scientific and technological interest. There are numerous examples of materials obtained by employing concepts of biomimetic, bio- inspired engineering and from biotemplates, which has gained prominence in the chemistry of materials, especially when structured with DNA, bacteria or fungi systems are employed. A variety of biological structures available enables innovative alternatives to overcome the limitations of conventional synthetic methods. In this context, the merging of biotechnology to materials chemistry has benefited several areas of strategic technologies such as in catalysis, health and sensor development. Thus, the design concept proposed use biotemplate effect and establish a protocol for manufacturing nanostructured structures by self- assembly of metal nanoparticles. In this work, three kinds of fungi and three types of culture medium were used. Were analyzed the parameters type of fulgal, growth media and radiation inactivation. Were also analyzed to control the diameter, wall thickness, heat treating, electrical measurement and application in SERS microtubes of gold in order to identify single molecules benzothiol. Spheroidal nanoparticles of silver and gold were obtained and stable synthesized via colloidal method of Turkevich with controlled size and shape. Using nanoparticles obtained nanostructured three-dimensional structures were built in the form of tubes using brasilianum Penicillium, Aspergillus aculeatus and Xylaria sp as biotemplate. The microtubes obtained are the result of the adsorption of metal nanoparticles of gold and silver multilayered tube diameter ranging from 2 to 3 microns with a wall thickness controlled by the time of exposure to the fungus colloid. Metal -free organic material microwires were obtained by heat treatment at 400 ° C for two hours, the resulting materials maintained the original form of micro-wires, though showed dense surface due to coalescence of the nanoparticles. The results strengthen the hypothesis proposed in our group that the biomolecules produced by fungi are responsible for the promoting effect of nanoparticle self - assembly in the formation of successive layer on the surface of the fungus.