Obtenção e caracterização eletroquímica do compósito polipirrol.
Bello, Maria Elvira do Rêgo Barros
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This study was carried out to investigate the electrochemical preparation of a composite polypyrrole / cobalt, as well as your characterization physical-chemistry. The composite was electropolymerized on a platinum substrate in aqueous solution with lithium perchlorate. It was characterized electrochemically with cyclic voltammetry. A voltammetric behavior quite differentiated between the pure polypyrrole and the composite it was observed, above all, for the pronounced cathodic peak that appeared in the voltammogram of the composite, which was attributed to the metallic deposition. The interesting in this case was that the cathodic peak appeared in a more positive potential in the composite than when verified on pure platinum. Besides, it was observed although in presence of the cobalt the redox processes in the polymeric suffered a potential displacement. Such results suggested the presence of an interaction between the metallic cobalt and the polymeric phase, possibly a complexation between the cobalt and the polypyrrole. A morphological analysis of the film was made by scanning electronic microscopy, having observed a more regular surface and with smaller nodules for the material of the composite. The X-ray difractometry of the films it was also done, but it didn't take to conclusive results. A chemometrics study was accomplished through 22 factorial design involving the synthesis variables and the voltammetric analysis variables of the composite, while optimization procedures, using the response surface methodology, was accomplished with the intention of increasing the intercalation of the cobalt in the polymeric phase. As a measure of the intercalation, it was taken the parameter current density of cathodic peak of the process regarding the cobalt. The results showed an increase of 73.7% in this current density of cathodic peak for the film synthesized in the optimized condition, in comparison with the largest value found before the optimization.