A influência da espiritualidade da família no cuidado de si
Fermiano, Andrea dos Reis
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The aim of this study was to assess the influence of spirituality levels in a family during self-care and, if so, how this influence occurs. Vascocelos (2004) describes spirituality as strength able to help the individual, his/her family and community; it is also the best source to overcome the obstacles of life, providing a better understanding and tolerance about the issues of daily life. A qualitative approach was chosen for the study. The subjects were families that live in the area comprehended by the Jardim Gonzaga Family Health Unit, in the Jardim Gonzaga neighborhood, located in the periphery of São Carlos County. A group of 20 women, responsible for caring for their families and recognized in their community as having a high level of autonomy in their self-care when faced with health issues, were the main study subjects. Information was collected by means of interviews, with four guiding questions, which were asked in the participants houses or in the Family Health Unit. A thematic analysis was used to process the information. From the analysis of the interviews the following categories emerged: women as the main caretakers of their families; spirituality as a force that helps each individual in their self-care; the influence of spirituality in decisions and in the strength to overcome hardships in life. Among other conclusions, spirituality seems to exert an important influence in a family s self-care and faith helps in convalescence, in curing and in maintaining health. Health workers need to get closer to spirituality in order to broaden their knowledge and their tools to understand and care for human beings.