Construção e caracterização cinética e fisiológica de um sistema células Sf9/ baculovírus recombinante para a produção de Canacistatina.
Arantes, Mabel Karina
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The development of the biotechnology has permitted to achieve, among other biotechnological products, many recombinant proteins which are largely used as vaccines, hormones, enzymes and other ways of human therapeutic activity. This is possible because the multidisciplinary: through the technology of the recombinant DNA the region that encode gene of interest is cloned in a system of adequate expression for super-expression of the correspondent protein and, through the technology of bioprocess is possible to increase the obtaining scale of the recombinant product assuring its reproducibility, integrity and functionality. Involving these two areas of knowledge, this works intends to express an heterolog protein, the Canacistatina, deriving from sugar cane, through an eucariotic expression system Sf9/baculovirus. This implies in the construction of a recombining baculovirus, containing the cDNA which codifies to the Canacistatina, and also the characterization of the cultivation of Sf9 cells, and of the process of infection by baculovirus, in kinetics and physiologic therms. In order to obtain these purposes it was done experiments of cultivation of Sf9 cells in Schott bottles of 100 mL, with work volume of 20 mL, in 27° C. In these experiments it was analyzed the optimum conditions of velocity agitation, inoculum s density, culture environment, and also the role of substrates. In relation to these parameters, it was observed that a better cell growth can be conduced in a 100 rpm of agitation, in an inoculum s density of 1x106 cell/ml, using a combination of 1:1 between the mediums SF900 II and TNM-FH (Medium 50%), without the necessity of addition of Bovine Fetal Sorum. This last aspect represents a great advantage in relation to the bioprocesses, in a way that it uses Sf9 cells already known. It was construed the recombining baculovírus containing the Canacistatina s gene through the modified genome of the baculovirus Autographa californica Multiple Nuclear Polihedrosis Virus and the infection experiments of Sf9 cells was made under three MOI values (1, 5 e 10 pfu/cell) in the two culture mediums. The betters results indicates to infection of Sf9 cells in 50% Medium using MOI= 5 pfu/cell, conditions that the Canacistatina s productivity reached 28 µg/106cel.