Modificação microestrutural da liga Al-Si 380 conformada por spray com a co-injeção de partículas contendo fases intermetálicas
Bereta, Luiz Antonio
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The aim of this work was to determine the microstructure and the mechanical properties of a spray formed Al-Si 380 alloy in different conditions as follow: co-injection of particles containing intermetallic phases, extrusion and heat treatment in the deposits. The wear resistance was also evaluated. The microstructure was determined as a function of two different composition applied in the co-injection, two processing routes (spray formed with or without extrusion) and two heat treatment condition (present or not). The composition of the co-injection particles was selected aiming to improve the formation of α-Al(Fe,Mn)Si instead of β-Al(Fe,Mn)Si intermetallic, with Thermocalc program. The microstructure of the deposit was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with microanalysis (EDS) and the length of the needle-like phases (-Al(Fe,Mn)Si) was measured. The processing condition that formed the smallest average length of the -Al(Fe,Mn)Si was extruded and heat treated. An extra heat was processed with Mg addition in order to improve the precipitation hardening. The samples were tested in tension at room temperature, 100 oC, 200 oC e 300 oC. The wear tests were carried out at a sliding speed of 0,48 m/s and at the load of 500g, 800g and 1000g, in a 2,5 mm diameter samples. The co-injection of the particles containing the α-Al(Fe,Mn)Si phase was effective in decreasing the β-Al(Fe,Mn)Si phase length and promote the increase of the elongation values. The artificial aging heat treatment was effective in increase the yield and ultimate tensile strengths without decrease significantly the elongation. The Mg addition promoted an additional increase of the yield and ultimate tensile strengths. The wear tests show that no statistical difference was observed among the evaluated samples, according to test parameters selected.