Complexos mono- e bimetálicos de cobre(II) e de cobalto(III) com bases de Schiff tridentadas e tetradentadas : Sínteses, caracterizações e estudos em reações catalíticas
Bucalon, Daniel Haguihara
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This dissertation details the synthesis with satisfactory reaction yields (between 56.3 and 96.5%) of mono- and bimetallic complexes of copper(II) and of cobalt(III), containing as ligands, tridentate and tetradentate Schiff bases. The compounds were characterized, for different techniques, such as melting point, elemental analysis, solubility in various solvents, conductometry, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and spectroscopy in region of the IR and in the UVvis. The results of melting point indicate that the compounds have high purity and the elemental analysis showed consistent values. The solubility tests indicate different capabilities of intermolecular interactions and labilization distinct between the compounds. The obtained molar conductivities in electrolyte solution indicate proportions expected by the proposed structures. The obtained data by 1H and 13C NMR in compounds with cobalt(III) showed concordance with the proposed structures in solution. The spectra of the compounds in the IV region show proper bands, referring to the stretch of C=N bond, in the range of 1600-1650 cm-1, stretches relating to the bonds of the metal ion with the oxygen of the phenolate group, with chlorides and with the nitrogen atoms of the imine, amine groups, the imidazole and imidazolate were evidenced, besides to help differentiation of monometallic and bimetallic compounds. In the UV-vis region measured spectra were verified the presence of bands that should correspond to the electronic transitions of π → π* type which involve the molecular orbitals imine group (C=N), of bands d-d transitions due to the metal ion present also, but related transitions to the n→π* type were not verified. The compounds were tested as a catalyst in the oxidation of 3,5-DTBC and in studies of catalytic oxidation using O2 at 25°C were obtained values of enzyme kinetics parameters and these values are comparable with the literature, kcat = 1.28 x 10-1 s-1 εcat = 6.79 x 102 L mol-1 s-1 for CuCu3EtOtetraB (best of the series), there is evidence that the mechanism is different for each used complex.