Avaliação de polímeros impressos para pré- concentração/extração de Se, U e Cd
Lago, Ayla Campos do
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This thesis describes the development of imprinted polymers for preconcentration of Se, Cd and U. The relevant factors to the FIA system and preconcentration were optimized by Doehlert matrix. Chapter I describes an atomically imprinted polymer synthesis for preconcentration of Se (0) and determination by HG-AAS. The method presents the following analytical features: linear range from 0.17 to 6.0 μg L-1 , limit of detection and quantification of 53 and 170 ng L-1 , respectively, of preconcentration factor of 232 and reading frequency analysis of 12 h-1 ; which were all applied in food samples. The accuracy was checked with certified reference material. Chapter II describes the synthesis of a hybrid imprinted polymer for uranium concentration and determination by UV-visible spectrophotometry. The polymer had adsorptive capacity of 1.55 mg g-1 , linear analytical range from 2.0 to 100.0 μg L -1 detection limit of 0.40 μg L-1 quantification limit of 1.25 μg L-1 , preconcentration factor of 97, concentration efficiency of 19.40 min-1 . The method was applied to water samples from rivers and lakes, with accuracy confirmed by alpha spectrometry. Finally, in Chapter III, a method for cadmium determination by TS-FF-AAS after preconcentration in imprinted polymer synthesized via bulk is proposed. The figures of merit were linear range 0.081 to 10 μg L-1 , detection and quantification limit of 24 and 81 ng L-1 , respectively. Preconcentration factor of 165 and frequency measures analyzes 25 h-1 . The method was applied in tea, hair, cigarette and jewelry samples. The accuracy was checked with certified reference material.