As atividades experimentais educativas como complemento e motivação no ensino - aprendizagem de química no ensino médio
Chicrala, Kleber Jorge Savio
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The proposed investigative work within the PPGQ - Professional Master - Chemistry Teaching UFSCar, proposes to use as a teaching methodology using the teaching kit as a motivating tool for learning of high school students. The objective of this work is to verify the student's motivation for learning using the teaching kit as a tool and reinforcement to learn basic fundamentals of chemistry, and the relevance that link to this stimulus, and how they evaluate this feature as a methodology for teaching learning. We as a theoretical framework that justifies and directs the research, the theory of David Paul Ausubel on Meaningful Learning, and Vygotsky's theory on the socio-interactional. We propose to carry out the studies and research comparing students' motivation for teaching and learning in classes that only use the methodology exhibition to teach and motivate students to learn, and the so-called methodology of ludo-educational, with the use of an educational kit chemistry developed with the purpose of teaching the basic concepts of chemistry, such as conductivity test, measures pH, precipitation reactions, acid-base reactions, redox reactions, chemical complexation reactions and chemical reactions in general. They participated in the experiment 20 students of the 3rd year of high school at the State School "Alvaro Guião", located in São Carlos - SP. We discuss the use of the teaching kit or play experimental activity in the classroom, as a support tool and complement the theoretical and lectures, and motivate students to learn chemistry in a process involving the student and the teacher and student with another student. Completing and learning the concepts, and motivating the student to explain how they understand life, the concepts and express what they feel, and possible limitations that may have. While using the educational kit, the experimental activities, was given will give continuous monitoring, and explanations on using the kit. And at the end, it applied a questionnaire approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of São Carlos - Ufscar, assessing the student's motivation for teaching and learning, its limitations, conclusions and motivations concerning the use of the teaching kit and experimental activities, compared to lecture. Believing that the student, and the teacher, to understand the proposed work, eventually achieving their teaching-learning objectives of a motivated way. Those involved in research expanded the competence for the initiative, autonomy, creative capacity, teamwork, increase the interest and motivation for chemical content, expanding the understanding and learning different and attractive way to understand the use of this methodology as aggregating form and Additional lectures in chemistry.