O treinamento resistido e a restrição calórica alteram a expressão gênica de marcadores da biogênese e dinâmica mitocondrial do músculo quadríceps de ratas ovariectomizadas
Marin, Cecília Tardivo
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Menopause, permanent discontinuation phase of ovarian follicular activity, triggers tissue and molecular changes in the body of women. The obesity and sarcopenia are two important deleterious effects, affect the functional independence and therefore the quality of life of the same. Resistance training (RT), caloric restriction (CR) are interventions that can minimize and slow down these degenerative processes related to menopause. The objective of this study was evaluate the effects of TR and RC on the biogenesis markers and mitochondrial dynamics on the quadríceps mucle of ovariectomized rats. Ratas Holtzman were divided into 8 groups (n = 10) Sham sedentary, trained, caloric and association training restriction with caloric restriction (SHAM SED, SHAM TR, SHAM RC AND SHAM TR-RC), ovariectomized sedentary, trained, caloric restriction and association training with caloric restriction (OVX SED, OVX TR, OVX and OVX RC TR-RC). The ovariectomy surgery (OVX) and pseudo-ovariectomy (Sham) was conducted when the rats reached 250g body weight. Two days after surgery, began the control of food intake and after 10 days of recovery from surgery, began the TR which consisted of 13 weeks of climbing training vertical ladder, with 72 hours between training sessions. The intensity of TR was 65, 85, 95 and 100% of the predetermined maximum load for each load proportion. After the fourth climbing, it was added 30g to determine the new maximum filler loading. Euthanasia of the animals after 13 weeks was TR and 48 hours after the last training session. The quadriceps muscle of the right hind foot was excised and stored at -80°C for analysis of gene expression and protein mediators of biogenesis and mitochondrial dynamics. The ovariectomy in rats altered mitochondrial biogenesis and dynamics as well as body weight and food consumption. The proposed interventions have been effective in minimized the body mass gains and reverse the molecular changes found in ovariectomy, especially in relation to mitochondrial biogenesis and dynamics.