Identificação dos snarks fluxo-críticos de ordem pequena
Carneiro, André Breda
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The main theme of this dissertation are the k-flow-critical graphs, which are graphs that do not have a k-flow but once any two vertices (either adjacent or not) are identified the smaller graph thus obtained has a k-flow. Amongst those, we focused our study on snarks, which are cubic graphs that do not have a 3-edge-coloring, nor a 4-flow, as Tutte showed that a cubic graph has a 3-edge-coloring if and only if it has a 4-flow. Several famous conjectures can be reduced to snarks, and such fact motivates the study of the structure of such graphs. The 5-Flow Conjecture of Tutte, which states that every 2-edgeconnected graph has a 5-flow is one of them. In 2013, Brinkmann, Goedgebeur, Hägglund and Markström generated all snarks of order at most 36. Silva, Pesci and Lucchesi observed that every 4-flow-critical snark has a 5-flow and that every non-4-flow-critical snark has a 4-flow-critical snark as a minor. This observation allows a new approach to try to resolve Tutte’s 5-Flow Conjecture. This work is an attempt to start following this new approach by identifying which snarks of order at most 36 are 4-flow-critical.