Estudo das propriedades dinâmico mecânicas e de biodegradação de acetatos de celulose com diferentes graus de substituição
Freitas, Roberta Ranielle Matos de
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Currently, seek to technologies for new materials that minimize environmental problems, it leads researchers to develop polymers from renewable and biodegradab le sources, such as cellulose and its derivatives.The cellulose acetate is produced by replacing the hydroxyl groups present in the cellobiose by acetilas groups, one of the first man - made polymers.It is mainly used in membranes, films, fibers, filters, as component in adhesives and pharmaceuticals. In the present work , was studied deacetylationversus time of a commercial cellulose acetate , starting with 2.5 DS , by alkaline hydrolysis,was studied the kinetics of the reaction and determining the degree of sub stitution (DS) by Standard Test Methods of Testing Cellulose Acetate ASTM D 871 - 96.For comparison, the deacetylation was carried out in homogeneous and heterogeneous media.FTIR was used to characterize the typical functional groups in the samples. Samples of deacetylated CA with GS 1.8, 2.0, 2.2 together with the cellulose and the CA 2.5 were thermally characterized by the DSC technique , whereby it was obtained water desorption temperature, melting and Tg of the material.By DRX technique it was possible to assess morphological characteristics of the CA with different DS , as the crystallinity index ( Ic ) . The CA deacetylated (DS = 2,3) and the commercial CA (DS = 2.5) were analyzed in the DMA, which was determined storage modulus , loss modulus and glass transit ion temperature ( Tg ) of the material s. It was not ed that the Tg of the sample DS =2.3 is higher than DS =2.5 being more crystalline ; and this leads to increased rigidity, restricting the mobility of chains . Biodegradability of CA was analyzed, with DS 2,5 , in simulated soil with soil, manure, sand and demineralized water in times of 0 days and 6 months.To characterize the CA biodegraded was used DMA technique to test the tensile modulus and mechanical - dynamic thermal. By DMA analysis it was concluded that, as the AC is biodegraded, its mechanical properties are changed, like the storage module with increased biodegradation and loss modulus which decreased. The DSC analysis, XRD and FTIR were also performed to characterize the CA degradation , withDS 2,5 , and this ag ree with the DNA results . Through analyzes it can be concluded that the CA chains were degraded, but the mass loss was not significant.The CA,with GS2,3 , was biodegradation for 3 months and compared with the CA biodegradability , with GS 2.5 , by DMA technique .