Uso de armadilhas fotográficas para avaliação preliminar da mastofauna da fazenda do Zoológico de São Paulo, em Araçoiaba da Serra/SP, como subsídio para a transição agroecológica e conservação da fauna
Pereira, Lais Rodrigues
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About half of the Earth's land surface is focused on farming activities, showing its impact on biodiversity conservation, with Atlantic Forest being one of the most devastated biomes, yet presenting an index of diversity and endemism. Among several anthropogenic pressures, agriculture and husbandry are considered the major causes of environmental degradation. Before this scenario, it is necessary to improve policies and encourage a model of agricultural development that maintains productivity, but in a sustainable way preserving the environment and biodiversity, as is proposed by agroecology. Another aggravating threat from conventional agriculture is the contamination by pesticides end it is in this context that agroecology and conservation biology meet in common interests in order to preserve the fauna present in these spaces. This work, in turn, presents a survey of mammals from the Farm of São Paulo Zoo, located in Araçoiaba da Serra / SP, through camera traps. Were sampled plots aimed at both agriculture and forest fragments. Between June and September 2016, two sample campaigns were carried out using 30 camera traps simultaneously. In total, more than 17 thousand videos were analyzed and 13 species of mammals were registered, especially the giant anteater, an animal considered vulnerable (VU) in the extinction risk assessment for the State of São Paulo. Understanding the farm as a potential space for the conservation of wild fauna, the data collected in this work aim to subsidize the proposal of the agroecological transition, highlighting the Agroforestry Systems tool.