Identificação dos fatores que influenciam na opção pelas caminhadas para deslocamentos urbanos: uma abordagem sócio-ecológica
Natalin, Lucas Augusto
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The high dependence of automobiles in Brazilian cities and the problems arising from this context emerge the need to invest in more sustainable urban transport alternatives. With this perspective, this research works with the mode of transport on foot, investigating, through a socio-ecological approach, factors that tend to motivate and hinder its use. Previous research suggests that much of the work exploring walking as an urban mode of transport emphasizes the elements of the built environment and does not focus on the behavioral issues of the individual. Thus, this study encompasses walking as part of the daily life of people, exploring factors linked to the routine of the individual, limits of time and responsibilities, ie, the feasibility of walking or not walking, without leaving aside the elements of urban form (physical factors). A case study was carried out in two sample fields in the city of São José do Rio Preto, in the state of São Paulo, through a questionnaire where the factors reviewed were surveyed. Firstly, a pilot study with a smaller sample was carried out in order to test the purposes of the questionnaire, to obtain preliminary results that served as a basis for the calculation of the quantities of samples for the final research. The results, which mainly use statistical tests such as Test T and ANOVA, show that the viability requirements are the ones considered most in the decision to walk or not walk as a means of transportation, showing that if there is no viability, even if the needs of the built environment (infrastructures) are met, people tend to opt for other modes of transport. On the other hand, with the needs of viability and later accessibility served, the individual uses the walk mode even if the other elements of the built environment are not present, a fact that also occurs when this individual has limited choice of mode of transportation. In addition, laziness and indisposition and lack of habit showed relevant as barriers to walking. The study came to contribute to a new treatment of the utility walks within the Brazilian reality.