Causas econômicas da sensação de (in)segurança: abordagem do macro e micro ambiente
Zanetti, Pedro Henrique
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The feeling of (un) security as an object of study in the social sciences and psychology is a vast field for investigation of causes and consequences. In this work the investigation is conducted from the point of view of the Theory of Subjective Welfare and the Economic Theory of Crime. Crime causes direct effects (victimization, for example) and indirect effects (such as preventing victimization and feeling insecure). The indicators of economic development, work and occupation, education, past victimization occurrence and quality of life are widely approached and used in the developed models. In the first chapter there is an approach to the sense of security at the individual level, using a multinomial logit model. The conclusion of the study brings to light the determinants of the sense of security. In the second chapter there is an approach of the macro environment through the use of spatial econometrics. The sensation of security variables are aggregated for each Brazilian State and the state indicators of income, work and quality of life are used in order to analyze the spatial relationship between these variables.
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