Efeitos do treinamento resistido em circuito sobre a composição corporal, capacidades cardiovascular e muscular esquelética e glicemia de jejum em mulheres obesas de peso normal
Ferreira, Fabiano Candido
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The Normal weight obesity (NWO) syndrome has been characterized on subjects with normal BMI and high body fat mass percentage (BF%>30 on with women) and is a risk factor for cardiometabolic dysregulation and cardiovascular mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether circuit resistance training (CRT) improves body composition, heart size and functions, cardiometabolic parameters, and cardiorespiratory, cardiovascular and skeletal muscle fitness on women with NWO. Subjects/Methods: Data are mean [95%CI]. Twenty-nine white women participated in the study allocated to three groups: ten NWO-CRT (baseline: BMI=22.4 [21.4-23.3] kg/m2; BF%=44.5 [41.0-48.0]%) performed CRT during ten weeks; thirteen untrained NWO-control (baseline: BMI=21.7 [20.8-22.7] kg/m2; BF%=37.8 [34.6-41.1]%) and six non-obese (BMI=19.2 [17.9-20.6] kg/m2; BF%=23.6 [18.3-29.0]%). At baseline (all groups) and after ten weeks (NWO groups) performed: dualenergy- X-ray-absorptiometry, echocardiography, blood tests, arterial pressure, exercise testing, and total-overload-by-training-session (TOL) was calculated. Results: At baseline NWO-control showed almost double of body fat mass (BF) (22.41 [19.5-25.3] kg) than nonobese (11.88 [9.0-14.8] kg) (p=0.0001), and NWO-CRT had more BF than NWO-control (27.28 [23.9-30.6] kg) (p=0.0227). The NWO-CRT after training: reduced more than 8 kg of BF (p=0.000002); the BF% became lower than NWO-control (33.1 [30.1-36.0] < 37.0 [34.3- 39.6]%, p=0.0423) with 30% of NWO-CRT becoming non-obese; reduced 3 kg of trunk fat mass (p=0.000005); showed fasting glucose (72.8 [69.4-76.2] mg/dl) smaller than NWOcontrol (81.7 [78.6-84.8] mg/dl) (p=0.004) and non-obese (92.7 [86.6-98.8] mg/dl) (p=0.000003); increased TOL (5,087.5 [4,142.5-6,032.5] to 6 963.3 [6,226.4-7,700.2] rep.kg, p=0.0004); increased load at VO2peak (122.5 [106.8-138,2] to 137.5 [118.18-156.82] W, p=0.0051); reduced the double product/load at VO2peak ratio (277.4 [222.1-332.8] to 237.7 [194.2-281.2] mmHg.bpm/W, p=0.0015). The CRT increased left ventricular mass/body surface area ratio (84.29 [78.98-89.6] to 90.29 [81.45-99.12] g/m2, p=0.0215). Conclusions: CRT improves the body composition, cardiovascular and skeletal-muscle fitness and reduces fasting glucose without cardiorespiratory changes on normal weight obese women.