Influência do núcleo central da amígdala na ingestão de sódio induzida por privação hídrica em ratos.
Vendramini, Regina Célia
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The lesion of central nucleus of amygdala (NCeA) decrease sodium intake, but not thirst, induced by angiotensin II and sodium depletion in furosemide model. In the present work we investigated the effect of lesion of NCeA on sodium intake induced by the water deprivation rehydration protocol (PHRP). Adult male Holtzman rats (260-320 g) housed for five days with water, 1.8% NaCl and regular food pellets received sham (n = 12) or eletrolytic lesion of NCeA (1 mA / 20 s): unilateral (n = 10) and bilateral (n = 8). The ingestion of water and 1.8% NaCl was recorded five days pre- and post-surgery. No significant alteration in daily water or sodium intake was produced after sham-lesion surgery. The uni- or bilateral lesions of NCeA reduced the daily 1.8% NaCl intake, but did not alter daily water intake. Seven days after surgery, water and 1.8% NaCl were removed and only food remained avaiable for 24 or 36 hours. Then, food was removed and water was offered for rehydration (2 hours), PHRP protocol. After partial rehydration with water, 1.8% NaCl and water was made avaiable and ingestion was recorded at 15, 30, 60 and 120 minutes (sodium appetite test). No significant alteration was observed in cumulative 1.8% NaCl or water at sodium appetite test in NCeA lesioned rats after PH24hRP. After PH36hRP, the bilateral lesion of NCeA reduced 1.8% NaCl intake for 3.4 + 1.7 ml/h compared with sham lesion (8.6 + 1.6 ml / h, p < 0.05). Water intake was not altered by NCeA lesion. There was an enhancement in need-induced 1.8% NaCl intake of intacts rats in response to repeated episodes of water deprivation. This enhancement occurred neither in the group with NCeA lesion nor in the group with sham lesion. The NCeA lesion also reduced the 1.8% NaCl intake induced by sodium depletion with furosemide and removal of ambient sodium, thus confirme the effects of amygdalar lesion already described in the literature. The integrity of NCeA is necessary for full expression of sodium appetite in the PHRP protocol. Water deprivation induced Fos expression in hypothalamics nuclei and cells groups of the lamina terminalis. Fos expression was reverted or did not change in different nuclei after rehydratation in PHRP protocol. We also investigated the effect of lesion in the NCeA on Fos expression in forebrain and pontine structures in response to 36 hours of water deprivation and subsequent rehydration that immediately precede Na+ intake. Rats (n = 6 per group), whith sham lesion (F) or bilateral lesion of NCeA, were submitted to to PH36hRP. Expression of Fos (as assessed by immunohistochemistry) in lamina terminalis or lateral parabrachial nucleus was not altered, but increased in medial parabrachial nucleus and parvocellular division of paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus in NCeA lesioned rats. The increased neuronal activity in medial parabrachial nucleus may be related to the inibitory effect of NCeA lesion on sodium appetite.