Ativação do subtipo de receptor 5-HT1A do núcleo paraventricular do hipotálamo sobre a ingestão de água e sódio.
Villa, Patrícia de Souza
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Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) has an important role in the hydroeletrolytic balance and it also participates in the regulation of water and sodium intake. Recent researches described the presence of 5-HT1 receptors in the central nervous system, standing out the subtypes 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, 5-HT1C and 5-HT1D. The receptor 5-HT1A was one of the firsts to be identified and it is found in the somatodendritic and pos-synaptic forms. It has been showed the participation of PVN 5-HT1A receptor in the hydroeletrolytic balance. Therefore, the aim of this study was: a) To investigate the effects of bilateral injections of serotonin (5-HT) in the PVN about water intake induced by water deprivation and water and 1.8% NaCl intake induced by sodium depletion; b) To investigate the effects of 8-OH-DPAT injection, an 5-HT1A agonist, in the PVN about water intake induced by water deprivation and water and 1.8% NaCl intake induced by sodium depletion; c) To investigate the action of pMPPF, an 5-HT1A antagonist, into the PVN on the effects of 5-HT and 8-OH-DPAT on the water and 1.8% NaCl intake. Holtzman rats (280-320 g) were submitted to the implant of cannulas bilaterally in the PVN. For the implant, the animals were adapted to a stereotaxic apparatus. Using the bregma, introduction points of the stainless steel cannulas were identified according to the coordinates: 1.8 mm caudal to bregma, 0.6 mm lateral to the midline and 5.0 mm below dura mater. 5-HT injections (10, 20, 40 and 50 µg/ 0,2 µl) in the PVN reduced the water intake (13.4±2.0; 12.6±1.3; 12.9±1.0 and 9.0±2.9 ml/ 30 min vs. sal: 18.4±0.8 ml/ 30 min, respectively, n = 6-8) and the doses 10 and 20 µg/ 0.2 µl reduced the 1.8% NaCl intake (7.9 ± 3.0 and 9.0 ± 2.1 ml/ 30 min, respectively, vs. sal: 17.7 ± 1.8 ml/ 30 min, n = 7). 8-OH-DPAT injections (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 µg/ 0.2 µl) in the PVN reduced the water intake (15.4 ± 1.3; 14.8 ± 1.2 and 14.2 ± 0.9 ml/ 120 min vs. sal: 19.1 ± 1.0 ml/ 120 min, n = 10) and the doses 2.5 µg and 5 µg also reduced 1.8% NaCl intake (12.4 ± 2.7 ml/ 60 min vs. sal: 19.3 ± 1.0 ml/ 60 min; 12.2 ± 1.8 ml/ 120 min vs. sal: 20.0 ± 1.0 ml/ 120 min, respectively, n = 9). pMPPF bilateral injections (5-HT1A antagonist) preview to 8-OH-DPAT injections have completely blocked the inhibitory effect over water intake (sal + DPAT: 13.8 ± 1.1 ml/ 90 min vs. pMPPF + DPAT: 16.4 ± 1.1 ml/ 90 min, n = 12) and 1.8% NaCl (sal + DPAT: 11.4 ± 2.9 ml/ 30 min vs. pMPPF + DPAT: 17.6 ± 1.7 ml/ 30 min, n = 8). 5-HT1A antagonist partially reduced the inhibitory effect of 5-HT on water intake induced by water deprivation (sal+5-HT: 5.9±1.6 ml/ 30 min vs. pMPPF+5-HT: 12.3±1.1 ml/ 30 min, n=12) as well as on sodium intake induced by sodium depletion (sal+5-HT: 2.8±1.3 ml/ 30 min vs. pMPPF+5-HT: 12.3±1.9 ml/ 30 min, n=15). Our results demonstrate the presence of serotonergic mechanisms in PVN inhibiting water and sodium intake and also the participation of pos-synaptic 5-HT1A receptors on water intake control induced by water deprivation and on sodium intake induced by sodium depletion, and that this receptor doesn t have a tonic inhibitory effect. This work also showed others subtypes serotonergic PVN receptors participating in the dipsogenesis and natriorexigenesis control.