Corpo, política e discurso: representações discursivas da virilidade na extrema-direita
Gimenez, Gabriela Carolina Ferreira
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The discourse is the ideological materialization through which we structure, signify, and re-signify the world around us. From solid and deep bases, many times, we establish unconscious meanings that are socially accepted by the community, as is the case of masculinity and virility materialized in reproductions and unfoldings of commonplaces about the characteristics of the masculine and the virile. Such properties that frequent the imaginary of our society gain forms and meanings in symbolic productions, which, in turn, feed back this imaginary and modify it more or less extensively and intensively in the various classes, groups and social subjects. To address some specificities of this process in contemporary Brazil, we elected the culmination of the "Bolsonarist" era, which extends from his pre-candidacy for the Presidency of the Republic in 2018 to the present day. From this cut, we seek to demonstrate how virility consists in a relevant motivation of the discourses of the Brazilian far-right. Our object of analysis are the hyperviral pro-Bolsonaro memes. One of the main results of our reflections and analysis indicates that these memes play a much deeper role than just "satirizing" the non-manly universe, since they carry and re-actualize a memory of sexual domination and legitimization of the testosterone-filled man. Based on Discourse Analysis, in this final paper, we focus our reflections on the ways in which the body of the hyper-virilized man functions as a means of propagating a macho ideology. This functioning includes both an unconscious dimension, since it includes deep roots such as machismo and patriarchy in our society, and a deliberate dimension, considering its electoral and manipulative use by the Brazilian extreme right today.
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