Identidade e (im)permanências paisageiras: Marcas-matrizes no bairro rural do Pombal (Pilar do Sul-SP)
Lima, Leonardo Duarte Barbosa
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ContemporaryWestern society faces the consequences of a generalized loss of what is being called the profound sense of the landscape: an intimate relationship between society and the environment, that characterized pre-Modern civilizations. This problem is, in part, a legacy of an already ancient distancing between humanity and phenomenon: a pattern historically supported by traditional Sciences. However, we can still perceive the permanence of traces of this particular relationship with the environment in spaces inherited from traditional cultures, such as the bairros rurais (rural districts): typical type of organization on rural spaces of the brazilian Southeast, whose main characteristics are the feeling of belonging and the neighborhood relations. This research, established in a bairro rural in São Paulo – the district of Pombal, in the municipality of Pilar do Sul –, aims to understand how the matrices of thought in a bairro rural lead to the permanence of a deep sense of the landscape; as well as this relationship with the landscape was established as part of the identity that underlies the bairros rurais today, even amidst the urban transformations of modernity. For so, we used the concept of Imprint-Matrix Landscapes and the notions of Landscaping Thought and Landscape Thinking, both developed by geographer Augustin Berque, trying to express how these manifest themselves in our area of study through a phenomenological approach, letting them stand out for themselves through methodologies that explore the perspective of those from the inside: semi-structured interviews and conversations with residents; in addition to the daily experience of the neighborhood with intensified fieldwork. In this way, we will to reveal the landscapes of the bairro rural do Pombal, in its identity and its (im)permanences.
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