Tipologia em economia circular: proposta de modelo de classificação de empresas baseado na retenção de valor de recursos
Müller, Luiz Neto Paiva e Silva
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The transition from a linear to a circular economy (CE) is necessary and urgent. This transition is complex and requires a set of circular value chain practices that help to retain the value of resources throughout the supply chain, as well as a tool to analyze and assess the current situation of organizations in this transition. However, the scientific literature lacks studies that systematize a set of circular value chain practices that develop CE Resource Value Retention Options (RO) and propose specific CE typologies. In this context, this thesis aimed to develop a CE typology that helps organizations to analyze and evaluate the current situation of companies in relation to CE and to implement improvements based on a set of systematized practices from a value chain perspective that work in the development of RO's. As a result, after carrying out a systematic review followed by expert assessments, this research contributes to the creation of a theoretical model CVCP (circular value chain practices) based on the systematization of 33 CVCP distributed into 8 primary and 5 supporting categories. In addition, a list of over 200 examples is generated that point out the relationships of these practices with the RO's that can serve as a guide to improve CE for organizations. Analyzing the results, it was observed that stakeholders must understand and highlight in their plans three relevant aspects of the relationship between these practices and ROs: the range of CVCP, the RO Loops developed and the supply chain perspective. Then, based on the CVCP model, this research created the first prescriptive CE typology, which considers the level of capability of circular value chain practices and the organization’s development of RO’s (CVCP typology). Along with the model, a tool for applying the model was created, which can help decision makers diagnose and propose, plan, implement and control improvements in the company in favor of the CE concept. In addition, the CVCP typology was applied in a case study and it was noticed that the company became more attentive and prepared to make decisions in search of greater alignment with the concept of circular economy.
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