"Eu quero é que se exploda a periferia toda": análise da crítica à ideologia neoliberal expressa na canção "Classe média", de Max Gonzaga
Campos, Roberta Carvalho Pereira
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The object of this research is the song "Classe Média". Through the recognition of its musical and poetic elements, we intended to verify how the neoliberal ideology is portrayed in the song. The proposal was based on the concept of critical song by Santuza Naves (2010), as well as other authors who recognized the presence of critical elements in popular songs. To understand the content of the song's lyrics, the main reference was the book by Jessé Souza (2018), which deals with the context and process of socio-historical formation of the Brazilian middle class. The musical analysis was carried out from the transcription of its melodic line and harmony, which were examined through the perspective of song semiotics as proposed by Tatit (2002), but also considering aspects of vocal behavior as discussed by Machado (2012, 2013). The study of this song revealed the presence of irony in the description of this middle-class subject, the contrast between his ideal of distinction and his less favorable economic condition, his criticism of the State and his alignment with discourses produced by the media. The research also showed how the musical elements sometimes reinforced the lightness of this ironic lyrics, but in other moments brought up a certain tension that favored a reflection on the discussed themes.
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