Um perfil do comportamento e características dos indivíduos frente a covid-19 a partir da pnad covid19
Janine, Samantha Navarro
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The National Household Sample Survey (PNAD), which is conducted by IBGE, consists of general characteristics of the population, education, labor, income and housing. The COVID-19 pandemic, started in March 2020, imposed some conditions that made IBGE modify the procedures for carrying out the PNAD. Among the changes implemen-ted, it is worth mentioning the incorporation of questions related to COVID-19, thus giving rise to PNAD COVID19. It is important to remember that in the beginning of the pandemic, few studies were developed to evaluate the behavior of the people in this period. In that regard, it is necessary to stand out Barbosa e Alves (2021), who approach the importance of knowing civic statistics to the formation of citizens aware of their reality. Due to this fact, this study aims to characterize the individuals who had at least one symptom during the spread of the coronavirus from information collected by PNAD COVID19 between may and november 2020, initial period of the pandemic. Explora-tory descriptive analysis and factorial correspondence analysis were conducted to relate the symptoms of COVID-19 from the people interviewed with variables regarding their behavior in this scenario. Results indicated a pattern between the three months studied (march, august and november), both for exploratory descriptive analysis and factorial correspondence analy-sis, in which the majority of the individuals had up to three symptoms simultaneously. Furthermore, some relationships between the occurrence and the number of symptoms were identified, in particular, the association between cough, sore throat, fever and chest pain, these being some of the symptoms conjugated by IBGE most susceptible to the presence of the COVID-19 virus.
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