Decomposição de macrófitas aquáticas em dois reservatórios com diferentes estados tróficos
Rocha, Rinaldo José da Silva
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The macrophytes are essential for the development and maintenance of food webs, to carbon dynamics and nutrient cycling in tropical aquatic systems. After senescence and plant death, decomposition of organic detritus depends heavily on their elemental compositions. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the effect of seasonality and trophic state of reservoirs and Vigário Lajes on the mass losses of detritus of Salvinia auriculata, Pistia stratiotes, Eichhornia crassipes, Sagittaria montevidensis and Brachiaria subquadripara, the influence of elemental composition of debris on the coefficients decay of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, and the stoichiometric ratios between these elements during the decomposition process. Over 120 days, the richest detritus in nutrients and less refractory (S. montevidensis and P. stratiotes) showed a biphasic pattern of decay and the greater decay of carbon (70-90%), phosphorus (90-96%) and nitrogen (68-94%). The poorest and refractories detritus (S. auriculata and E. crassipes) had lower rates of decay, with monophasic and biphasic patterns and lower mass loss in carbon-based (20-34%), phosphorus-based (26%), and nitrogen-based (10- 37%). As for the difference between the environments, the total mass loss of carbon was up to 70% higher during the rainy season (Sept/10 to Jan/11) and 27% higher in the dry season (may/11 to Sep/11) for detritus S. auriculata incubated in the reservoir Vigário; for the detritus of B. subquadripara total mass loss was also greater in this reservoir, reaching 58% in the rainy season and 36% during the dry season. The minor differences between the environments occurred in the mass loss of carbon detritus of S. montevidensis, (ca. 1.3% and 0.3% in rainfall in the dry season) and P. stratiotes (ca. 5.3% in the rainy season and 5.5% in the dry season). Yet these detritus showed the greatest losses of phosphorus (90-95%) and nitrogen (68-94%) in both experiments. The minor differences between the environments occurred in the mass loss of carbon detritus of S. montevidensis, (ca. 1.3% and 0.3% in the rainy season in the dry season) and P. stratiotes (ca. 5.3% and 5.5% in the rainy season in the dry season). Yet these detritus showed the greatest losses of phosphorus (90-95%) and nitrogen (68-94%) in both experiments. The ratio between carbon and nitrogen was higher in detritus of S. auriculata and E. crassipes in oligotrophic reservoir, and lower in detritus of S. montevidensis and P. stratiotes, whose mass loss coefficients (k) were higher.