O estado enquanto acionista : a atuação da BNDESPAR no capitalismo brasileiro contemporâneo
Desidério, Wellington Afonso
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In the last two decades there has been a lot of changes in organizational dynamics in Brazil, because the principles of financial capitalism went into effect on the national economy. The starting point of these changes were the mergers and acquisitions that occurred in the 1990s. Through these ones, international companies came to Brazil and brought with them financial principles that dominated the international economy. Among these principles, the Corporate Governance and Industry Venture Capital (venture capital and private equity) are outstanding. In this new Brazilian scenario an actor of extreme relevance is the State; it acts directly on financial markets through BNDESPAR, which is a subsidiary of the National Development Bank (BNDES). This action occurs through industry venture capital (venture capital and private equity), and its goal is to promote the development of domestic enterprises. The empirical data of this study indicate that BNDESPAR can act in Brazilian companies through venture capital industry due to corporate governance, this tool enables the monitoring of BNDES subsidiary in corporations which it owns. Thus, the Corporate Governance being a tool that attends to the interests of the State, it is disseminated via BNDESPAR in Brazilian companies. For BNDESPAR, promoting the company in the segment of venture capital involves raising it to go public on the stock exchange. On the other hand, through the private equity segment, it involves establishing the main indices of corporate governance in the investee companies. It also verified the performance of the actors responsible by BNDESPAR. The data indicate that these actors have primarily political experience and expertise in finance. We analyzed also the actors who occupied the positions of elite at BNDES in the last 10 years, it was mainly realized that these actors, in fact, after they have passed through the state bank, they are founded private equity funds or they are acting as CEO on boards of companies.