Análise da eficiência energética da secagem de pastas em leito de jorro.
Fernandes, Conceição Flores
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One of the most intensive uses of energy in industry is due to drying. After drying, the dry material becomes easy to transport, to storage, and to conserve for a long period of time. In this context, the aim of this work was to analyze the energy efficiency of a Spouted Bed in the drying of pastes in order to establish optimal conditions of operation and to propose modifications in the process to improve its energy efficiency. To issue these analyses, a mathematical model was derived which includes mass balance equations and energy balance equations for both the dryer and the inlet gas heater. The drying rate was quantified by the difference between the content of water in the feed flow rate of paste and the content of water in the exit dry solid. The mathematical model was implemented using MatLab programming language. The results obtained in both steady and dynamic simulations were compared with experimental data, showing that the model represents the process quite well for the operational conditions considered. Simulations were accomplished to analyze the behavior of the energy efficiency from disturbances in the feed flow rate of paste ( e F ), in the feed flow rate of gas ( g V ), composed by air and vapor of water, and in the power supplied to the inlet gas heater ( Pot ). Pinch Analysis was also performed to the system, which suggested some modifications in the process in order to improve its energy efficiency. The energy efficiency was quantified by the ratio between the necessary energy to evaporate the water and the sum of the necessary energy to blow and heat the inlet gas. The simulations showed that the energy efficiency so far used is improved by increasing the feed flow rate of paste, by decreasing both the power supplied to the inlet gas heater and the power supplied to the blower. It was observed that the increase in the temperature of the feed flow rate of paste showed a small effect in the energy efficiency.