Controle preditivo não linear para sistemas de parâmetros distribuídos
Rodríguez, Diana Esperanza Sandoval
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In general, the chemical processes can be represented using mathematical models, in the case of lumped systems include ordinary differential equations, or, partial differential equations, when distributed parameter systems using methods is necessary in both cases numerical resolution in these models, with the purpose to simulate, analyze and control the process. The implementation of control systems in chemical processes, brings with it many advantages, among these, the improvement and stability in production rates, ensuring product quality and the possibility of a safe operation of the process. Thus, in the last 30 years, different control methodologies were developed, one of the most used techniques, the Model Predictive Control Based on. Its success is due to the fact that this type of control accepts constraints on input variables and process output, determining the future of this movement, while optimizing an objective function can lead to the output of the process until the desired set point. The objective of this project is to implement the Model Predictive Controller with Nonlinear (CPNL ) for a reactor pulp bleaching by the use of chlorine dioxide, whose mathematical model is comprised of partial differential equations, thus being a model parameter distributed. Implementation of the controller, the plant is discretized by the Finite Difference Method and the process model is solved with the technique of Orthogonal Collocation. The integration of the resulting ordinary differential equations systems is performed by the method of Runge-Kutta. The Predictive Controller was compared with a Controller Proportional-Integral (PI). Studies have shown that CPNL has better performance, with faster response and values of the Integral Absolute Error (IAE) and Integral Square Error (ISE) smaller than those calculated for the PI controller.