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Formalismo e finalidade na moral kantiana : a destinação da razão na fundamentação da metafísica dos costumes
(Universidade Federal de São Carlos, 2016-02-25)
In the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant seeks to support human action by a rational principle (formal) and not by the search for an order previously established outside the very principle. Therefore, for ...
Sociedade da vontade geral e liberdade individual em Jean-Jacques Rousseau
(Universidade Federal de São Carlos, 2016-02-24)
In Of the Social Contract, Rousseau says that in the civil state the man enjoys individual freedom at the same time as a member of the social body, whose general will is the driving force of the State. That is, the philosopher ...