Efeitos da L-histamina e de antagonistas histaminérgicos sobre a recuperação funcional após hemilabirintectomia em Carassius auratus.
Ferrara, Aline Cristina Piratello
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The aim of this study was to verify the effects of histamine on the process of functional recovery after hemilabyrinthectomy in goldfish, Carassius auratus. To this end, the fish were submitted to unilateral vestibular lesion and treated with a histamine precursor (L-histidine) and antagonists of the receptors H1, H2 and H3 (respectively chlorpheniramine, zolantidine and thioperamide). The success of the surgery was evidenced by the ataxia they suffered during approximately thirty minutes of observation and the presence of these signs was used as criterion for the inclusion of the animal in the experiment. The subjects were treated during fifteen consecutive days with L-histidine (150 mg/kg), chlorpheniramine (24 mg/kg), zolantidine (18 mg/kg) and thioperamide (15 mg/kg). All substances were administrated in a volume of 1.5 ml/ kg of body weight and sterile saline (1.5 ml/kg) was used with the experimental control group. Another group, the sham lesion group, was submitted to the same surgical procedure, but in this case the vestibular lesion was not carried out. The subjects were submitted to seven tests, the first test being carried out on the first day after the lesion, and then five more at three day intervals. The seventh test was carried out three days after the conclusion of treatment. In each test, the subject was placed inside a translucent tube inside a black aquarium which was illuminated on the ipsilateral side for five minutes. The fish behavior was recorded with a video camera located in front of a small opening in the front wall of the aquarium. Body tilt was measured by comparing a line traced between the subject s eyes with a horizontal line traced on the television screen. The mean of the tilt in degrees obtained every thirty seconds was considered. The data were subjected to variance analysis (Two-way ANOVA), followed by the Student Newman Keuls multiple comparisons test.