Influência da síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono sobre os aspectos funcionais e inflamatórios de indivíduos com osteoartrite de joelho
Mello, Andressa da Silva de
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Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the major health problems and its prevalence has increased in recent decades as well, has been associated with sleep disturbances. It has been shown that chronic obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is related to osteoarthritis, and sleep disturbances that may modify the physical and functional aspects of the disease. Objective: The aim of this study was to evalueted the influence of OSA on knee extensor torque, pain, stiffness, physical function, neuromuscular control and the inflammatory response in men with knee OA in early grades. Methods: The study included 60 male volunteers, aged between 40 and 70 years, divided into four groups: G1 (n=15): without OA and without OSA; G2 (n=15): without OA and with OSA; G3 (n=15): with OA and without OSA; G4 (n=15): with OA and with OSA. All volunteers were examined x-ray knee, polysomnography, responded to the WOMAC questionnaire and performed the test on the isokinetic dynamometer for evaluation of the peak knee extensor torque isometric (60º), concentric and eccentric (90°/s and 180º/s) and submaximal strength test, and blood was collected from the antecubital fossa for analysis of cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and TGF-β). Comparisons of means were performed using General Linear Model. Results: For data on the sleep pattern, volunteers showed differences between groups for stage 1, and the G2 and G4 showed a higher percentage of stage 1 when compared with the G1. The number of awakenings was higher in G4, which significantly differed from G1, and the same happened to differ from G1 to G2 . Regarding data WOMAC (pain, stiffness, physical function) can be observed that for all domains G4 showed higher values for the groups G1 and G2. For the knee extensor torque evaluations isometric and concentric isokinetic was observed at lower values compared to G4 and G2 with G1. However for the fluctuation of submaximal strength we found no difference between groups. In the analysis of inflammatory markers found reduced levels of TGF-β in G2 and G4 compared with G1, however for the other cytokines we found no difference between groups. Conclusion: We conclude that OSA influenced extensor torque isometric, concentric, in pain, stiffness, physical function and TGF-β, however, no influence on neuromuscular control and the other inflammatory markers (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α) in patients with OA in degrees initial, demonstrating that, as in the initial degree of OA the OSA may promote some inflammatory and functional changes in this population.