A memória de futuro analisada pela linguagem cinematográfica: diálogos entre a teoria do cinema e Mikhail Bakhtin
Camargo Júnior, Ivo di
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The present study aims to analyze the representations of future in four science fiction movies launched at random during the past thirty years. Blade Runner,by Ridley Scott, Artificial Intelligence, by Steven Spilberg, Idiocracy, by Mike Judge and Children of Men by Alfonso Cuarón, compose our selected corpus for discussion and dialogue. For that purpose, we some concepts have been borrowed as Memory of Future, Dialogism and Intertextuality. The first science fiction film placed in the future we have ever seen was Terminator and the war between Humans and Machines. The child´s innocence made us count the days for the fatidic 1997, but there was no background to feel the film was reconstructing the present of that time, the Reagan era and his technological pyrotechnics war. If each era represents the future according to its own contradictions, in these movies the dialogues are marked above all by political, ideological and even existential ruptures. On the selected movies the world is always in transformation, reflecting the contexts of their times. Another goal of this thesis is to reflect upon the transposition process of literary tradition texts to the motion pictures language aiming the work production to the great audience via movie- theaters and television. At last there is an intent to contribute to the language and cultural studies, applied to the science fiction movies, and leave something relevant about the filmic representations of the future presented on movie-theaters screens.