Injetividade de aplicações polinomiais via resolubilidade de campos vetoriais
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Let F : Rn → Rn be a polynomial map such that the derivative map DF(x) be invertible for each x ∈ Rn. In this work, using techniques of solvability of suitable vector fields, we investigate the role of the degree of F in its injectivity. In R2, we show that if the degree of one of the components of F is less or equal 3, then F is injective. In Rn, we discuss the injectivity of the maps F(x) = x + H(x), where H : Rn → Rn is a homogeneous polinomial map of degree 3 and detDF(x) = 1, ∀x ∈ Rn. Here we propose a new way to approach this problem. We show the injectivity when n = 3.