O princípio do máximo de Omori-Yau e generalizações
Franco, Felipe de Aguilar
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In this work we seek to establish a first contact with Geometric Analysis, aiming the understanding of the Good Shadow Principle of Fontenele and Xavier ([FX11]), which is a generalization of the Omori-Yau Principle. We will expose the basic results that are needed for their comprehension, and extend the study to other topics of Geometric Analysis, as the heat kernel, the existence of exhaustion functions and estimates to the gradient of harmonic functions and subsolutions of the heat equation. Once understood the Good Shadow Principle, we intend to extend it by proving that the class of the second order uniformly bumpable manifolds, introduced by Azagra and Fry in [AF10], also satisfies this principle.