Preparação e caracterização das propriedades luminescentes de blendas de poli(3-ácidotiofenoacético) com acetato de celulose ou poli(vinil álcool)
Bergamaski, Franciele de Oliveira Freitas
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We have studied the optical properties of Poly(3-Thiopheneacetic Acid) (PTAA) by absorption, emission, and infrared measurements. We have observed, on the contrary of what broadly reported in the literature, that the intensity of the PTAA luminescence increased with time exposition of the Laser beam. The results have been shown that luminescence was highly dependent of the power of Laser beam excitation and of the polymeric (blends) film thickness. To evaluate the chemical changes in the course of luminescence increasing, absorption measurements in the infrared range were done. A decrease in the band of 1560 cm-1 was observed after Laser beam irradiation, what could be related with a decrease in the number of C=C bonds, and it is a possible explanation for the luminescence intensification. The PTAA photoluminescence was studied under high vacuum showing that the increase of luminescence was not dependent of oxygen presence in the polymeric film. Besides, we have done photoluminescence measurements at temperature of 10 K and compared with that at room temperature, 298 K. In the irradiation of the films at 10 K it was observed a suppressing effect that could be related to conformational changes in the polymer structure. Finally, we have measured the time resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) of PTAA and AC/PTAA blends in picoseconds in two temperatures regime. It was investigated the TRPL transients for different samples of PTAA in several solvents and for blends with cellulose acetate (AC) or poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). In all samples (the pure polymer and in the blends) the PL transients have presented behavior mono- and biexponentials. However, the mono-exponential model, in most cases, was not sufficient to describe adequately all PL decays. So, it was used a function in the form of two exponentials sum.