A feminização das carreiras jurídicas: construções identitárias de advogadas e juízas no âmbito do profissionalismo
Barbalho, Rennê Martins
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The purpose of this research is to analyze the female presence within legal careers, how this reflects in their professionalism, and how it impacts the already established careers, taking into account the male hegemony over the work environment. The analytical framework of Sociology in Careers is used to understand this specific work environment. The scope of this research focuses on careers in magistrates and law. The former is related to the power of the Supreme Court, which is a public service career based on decision-making. The second has a more liberal background it is a private activity which depends on a client-lawyer relationship. The spatial cut is the state of São Paulo, Brazil, where the interviewees live and work. The spatial distribution focuses on analyzing the current female presence status, including the professional background of those interviewed. The central argument is that female professionals undergo a type of double barrier in their professional life. The first outlines the rules and limits of their own professional field, which are common for both men and women. These barriers are tied to the mechanisms of the profession, such as obtaining the credentials after graduating and later the process of consolidating expertise. On the other hand, female professionals might be confronted by the gender barriers. This category widens the intersection in the private world, closely connected to the female and public sphere, a standard for professionalism. The way to assume and solve the issues related to barriers that are inherent in the field or gender differ according to the position occupied by the professional, which also influences engaging and performing in a public or private enterprise. This work details how such issues impact the professional background of judges and lawyers in present-day situations.