Caracterização da resistência à corrosão de ligas inoxidáveis Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni-(Co) com efeito de memória de forma
Rovere, Carlos Alberto Della
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In this work, the corrosion behavior of three Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni (Co) shape memory stainless steels (SMSS) in aggressive environments was characterized. The electrochemical corrosion behavior in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution was obtained by potentiodynamic polarization, linear polarization, potential decay curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and Mott-Schottky analyses. Localized corrosion resistance was evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization measurements in 3.5% NaCl solution. The corrosion performance in highly oxidizing environments was evaluated based on immersion tests in boiling HNO3 solution. The passive film composition was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The test results were compared with that of a type 304 (SS 304) austenitic stainless steel. The three SMSSs exhibited a passive behavior in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution; however, their anodic behavior in the active dissolution region was markedly different. The passive current densities of the SMSSs were similar to that of SS 304, although the critical anodic current required for passivation was higher. The corrosion rate of the SMSSs in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution was much higher than that of SS 304. It was observed that the amount of Cr and Mn plays an important role in the corrosion behavior of SMSS. The XPS analyses indicated substantial Si content (in the chemical form of a silicate) in the anodic passive films formed on SMSS. Mott-Schottky analyses suggested that the Si acts as a dopant in the films, making them less defective and thicker than the films formed on SS 304. Due to their high manganese content, SMSSs are highly prone to pitting corrosion in chloride environments. SMSSs exhibit better corrosion resistance than SS 304 in highly oxidizing environments.