Estabelecimento de meios de cultura para o cultivo de Streptomyces isolados de sedimento marinho
Romano, Luis Henrique
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Microorganisms represent an important source for production of bioactive metabolites for diverse applications. The production of these substances is directly related to the culture medium associated with sources of carbon and nitrogen available. Thus this study aimed to establish an appropriate composition of culture media for growth of Streptomyces carpaticus, Streptomyces acrimycini and Streptomyces cebimarensis. These microorganisms were isolated from marine sediments that were preserved in cryovials stored at-80ºC. The species studied were grown on solid media ISP4, ISP5 and GYM and phenotypically characterized. It was observed that Streptomyces carpaticus developed uniformly in all culture media and presented production of pigment in Gym medium. Microorganisms were also grown in solid media (Gym, A1RDP, ISP4 and ISP5). It was observed that Gym is the best medium to promote the microorganism growth. The strains were grown in different concentrations on osmotic medium Gym and on minimal medium with different sources of carbon and nitrogen in crops with flasks. The three strains were grown in batch bioreactors using conventional Gym medium and it was obtained 4 g / L of cell mass of S. carpaticus and S. acrymicini and 6 g / L of cell mass of S. cebimarensis. It was observed the presence of substances with cytotoxic activity on the breeding grounds. Besides, it was observed that the three species probably present diauxic behavior. S. carpaticus consumed preferentially maltose, while other species used glucose first.